Dad Moroz (Ded Moroz)



Ded Moroz (Russian: Дед Мороз) is a fictional character who in some Slavic (Russian) cultures plays a role similar to that of Santa Claus. The literal translation of the name would be "Old Man Frost", although the name is often translated as "Father Frost" in light of the modern usage of the word "ded" to refer to a grandfather. Ded Moroz is said to bring presents to children; however, unlike the secretive Santa Claus, the gifts are often delivered "in person", at New Year's Eve parties and other New Year celebrations.

The "in-person" gifts usually occur at organized celebrations at kindergartens or schools and at circus performances around New Year time where the gifts can be standardized. Various agencies provide Ded Moroz visits to families and offices. In such cases specific gifts can be chosen for particular members at the parties. The clandestine placing of gifts under a New Year tree occurs when a Ded Moroz visit is not arranged for some reason.

Depictions of Ded Moroz commonly show him accompanied by Snegurochka (Russian: Снегурочка, "Snow Maiden"), his granddaughter and helper, who is often depicted in long silver-blue robes and a furry cap or a snowflake-like crown, which is called a "kokoshnyk". She is a unique attribute of Ded Moroz; no traditional gift-givers from other cultures are portrayed with a female companion.

The traditional appearance of Ded Moroz resembles that of Santa Claus, with his coat, boots and long white beard. Specifically, Ded Moroz is often shown wearing a heel-length fur coat, a semi-round fur hat, and valenki or jackboots on his feet. Unlike Santa Claus, he is often depicted as walking with a long magical staff.

The official residence of Ded Moroz in Russia is considered to be the town of Veliky Ustyug, Vologda Oblast.

Khorovod - the old Russian tradition. During holiday the people take hands each other and going as the chain. At the New Year's celebration going and dance around fir tree.



Ded Moroz vs Santa Claus
Ded Moroz or Grandfather Frost is a Russian counterpart of Santa Claus. Both bring presents and are much expected by the kids but there're a few things that make them different.
1.   Ded Moroz is much taller than Santa Claus.
2.   Ded Moroz has a long beard, Santa often cuts his beard short.
3.   Santa's coat is always red, while Ded Moroz can wear red, blue or even white coat.
4.   Ded Moroz is dressed much warmer than Santa. He has a warm fur-coat and fur-hat, mittens and felt boots while Santa wears a night cap with a bob, short jacket, gloves and black boots.
5.   Ded Moroz holds a staff in his hands. It helps him to walk across snowdrifts.
6.   Santa Claus often wears glasses, while Ded Moroz has good eyes despite his age.
7.   Ded Moroz is usually accompanied by his granddaughter Snegurochka or Snow Maiden. Santa Claus is known to have a wife but nobody heard of his granddaughter.
8.   Ded Moroz walks on foot or travels by Russian Troika (a sleigh hauled by 3 horses), Santa Claus travels by air on a sleigh pulled by reindeers.
9.   Ded Moroz walks into a house through a front door, Santa comes through a chimney.
10.  Ded Moroz puts presents under a Christmas tree but not inside somebody's sock